Gum Disease is the most common disease to affect the oral cavity; there are two types of gum disease: Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease.
- Gingivitis: is the inflammation of the tissues (gums).
- Is reversible with dental cleanings and proper home care.
- Periodontal disease: is the inflammation of the gum tissues and loss of the supporting bone level.
- You have already lost bone support
- Periodontal disease is caused by anaerobic bacteria.
- These bacteria can be spread in saliva from person to person
- Your immune system and proper oral hygiene can prevent the disease from progressing.
- You can be genetically susceptible to having periodontal disease.
- Smoking and tobacco use will increase the risk of having periodontal disease.
- Misaligned and crowded teeth can make it an area for plaque to accumulate and increase the risk for periodontal disease.
The best treatment for gum disease is prevention through good oral hygiene combined with professional dental cleanings.
Treatment can include:
- frequent professional cleanings
- scaling and root planing (deep cleaning)
- antimicrobial treatments
- gum surgery